The recreational and medical use of cannabis in Canada is fully legal as of October 2018. However, there are still certain restrictions. While most adults will have no problem purchasing and using cannabis, there are variations in Canada cannabis laws by province.

Here’s a breakdown on the cannabis laws across Canada.

Canada Cannabis Laws

The Cannabis Act of Canada, effective as of October 2018, allows adults to buy, use, and grow cannabis. However, there are still various restrictions.

On a federal level, you can buy marijuana from 18 years and up, possess up to 30 grams of dried cannabis (or equivalent), and grow up to four plants. However, all provinces except for Quebec and Alberta have raised the legal age to 19. Personal growing is also banned in Quebec and Manitoba.

The possession limits on cannabis products for all provinces are as follows:

  • 30 grams of dried cannabis
  • 150 grams of fresh cannabis
  • 450 grams of cannabis edibles
  • 2100 grams (4.62 pounds) of liquid products
  • 7.5 grams of cannabis concentrates (solid or liquid)
  • 30 cannabis plant seeds

You can keep as much as you want at home, providing it is stashed away safely.

Canadians can buy cannabis in physical retail stores in many provinces, although these are limited in some areas. You can also buy cannabis online in Canada and have it delivered safely and discreetly. Canada Post laws mean your packages will be kept private and can’t be interfered or tampered with, meaning you’ll get all your products without any hassle.

There are also provincial restrictions on where you can use cannabis. Most restrict cannabis to private residences. Some provinces allow smoking in certain public places where children aren’t present, and some plan to allow cannabis lounges in the future.

Canada Weed Laws By Province

Canada Cannabis Laws by Province

While provincial cannabis laws largely follow the federal framework, there are differences regarding the legal age, the legality of growing, and where you can smoke.

Here’s a breakdown on Canada cannabis laws in each province.

Cannabis Laws in Ontario

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Ontario is 19.

Cannabis is regulated by the Liquor Control Board of Ontario (LCBO) and will be sold in licensed marijuana stores by 2019. Edible sales are also illegal in 2019. The Ontario government also sells weed online.

Residents in Ontario can grow up to four plants at home. Make sure you keep plants out of the reach of children and away from public sight.

They can also smoke at home providing they’re not restricted by their landlord. It’s legal to smoke at home and private properties, as well as certain designated spaces in places such as care homes.

Cannabis Laws in Quebec

Legal Age: 18

Growing: Ilegal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Quebec is 18.

It’s one of only two provinces that allows 18-year-olds to buy and use marijuana. It’s currently sold in various government stores, as well as online.

Despite relaxed laws on the age of use, laws on growing are much stricter. Quebec is one of the only provinces to take a stance against growing marijuana. Unlike in other provinces, you cannot grow any marijuana at home in Quebec. Growing your own weed is punishable by law.

You can smoke anywhere where smoking tobacco is legal. That means you’ll be able to smoke at home, on private properties, and certain designated public spaces. Smoking on University campuses, near children or in areas where tobacco is prohibited is illegal.

Weed Laws Quebec

Cannabis Laws in British Columbia

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in British Columbia is 19.

It’s available to buy in both privately run retail stores and BC Cannabis Stores (BCCS), regulated by the BC Liquor Distribution Branch.

Cannabis availability is currently sparse in BC. The province only has 2 licensed marijuana stores. However, users can buy cannabis and related products online.

You can also grow up to four cannabis plants at home, providing you keep them out of public sight.

Smoking in cars, areas where smoking tobacco is illegal and areas near children is illegal. You can smoke in private residences and properties providing it isn’t prohibited by the landlord.

Cannabis Laws in Alberta

Legal Age: 18

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Alberta is 18.

It’s one of the two provinces, along with Quebec, that allows users 18 years of age to legally purchase, possess, and use cannabis.

Cannabis is also widely available in Alberta. There are currently over 70 licensed cannabis stores with more to come. Residents can also buy weed online for delivery.

Growing is also legal in Alberta, making it one of the most relaxed states for weed. You can grow up to four plants at home, provided you’re not restricted by your landlord.

You must not smoke in a car, in an area with children or anywhere where tobacco is prohibited. You can smoke in private residences and properties.

Cannabis Laws in Manitoba

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Illegal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Manitoba is 19.

Both private and government-operated marijuana stores are open, regulated by the Liquor, Gaming and Cannabis Authority of Manitoba. Manitobans can also buy cannabis online.

Manitoba is one of the only provinces to ban growing. Growing cannabis is illegal and still punishable by law.

Smoking is prohibited in public places and limited to private residences. Manitoba municipalities are also able to ban the sale of cannabis within their area, making it one of the strictest provinces for cannabis use.

Weed Laws Manitoba

Cannabis Laws in Saskatchewan

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Saskatchewan is 19.

Marijuana will be sold in physical retail stores by privately-run businesses licensed by the Saskatchewan Liquor and Gaming Authority (SLGA). There are a handful of stores open currently with more to follow. Users can also buy cannabis online.

Growing your own cannabis is also legal in Saskatchewan, provided you’re not restricted by a landlord. You can not smoke in places where tobacco or vaping is prohibited. You’re able to smoke on private property but it must not be smoked around minors.

Cannabis Laws in Nova Scotia

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Nova Scotia is 19.

Physical retail sales are currently available from stores run by the Nova Scotia Liquor Corporation (NSLC). Nine stores are currently open across the province. Online sales are also available to residents in Nova Scotia.

Nova Scotia also allows you to grow marijuana. You can grow up to four cannabis plants at a time, provided you’re not restricted by a landlord.

Using cannabis is prohibited anywhere where tobacco is. You can smoke in private, although landlords can also restrict the use of cannabis on their property.

Cannabis Laws in New Brunswick

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in New Brunswick is 19.

The New Brunswick Liquor Corporation will open marijuana stores across the province. Currently, there are at 20 government-run stores in operation. You can also buy cannabis online in NB.

New Brunswick also allows you to grow your own cannabis at home. You can grow up to four plants at a time, although there are some strict rules. Cannabis grown outdoors has to be kept within a locked enclosure that’s at least 1.52m high.

You can keep as much cannabis as you want at home. However, it must be kept in a locked container or room and you must make sure children can not access it. Using cannabis is currently limited to private places and properties, although landlord restrictions still apply.

Weed Laws New Brunswick

Cannabis Laws in Newfoundland and Labrador

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Newfoundland and Labrador is 19.

Cannabis will be sold in government-operated retail stores regulated by the Newfoundland and Labrador Liquor Corporation (NLC). Some stores are also run by Canopy Growth Corp. Online sales are also available to Newfoundland and Labrador residents.

Growing cannabis is also legal in NL. You can grow up to four of your own active plants at home and keep the harvest. However, landlords can restrict growing or use on their properties.

Smoking in public places is still prohibited. The use of cannabis is currently limited to private properties and residences.

Cannabis Laws in Prince Edward Island

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Prince Edward Island is 19.

PEI residents will be able to buy cannabis from government-operated stores regulated by the newly created Cannabis Management Corporation. There are currently four stores in Montague, West Prince, Summerside, and Charlottetown. However, with limited locations, many people from PEI opt to buy online.

Growing is also fully legal in Prince Edward Island. You’re able to grow up to four active plants at a time. Keep this safe from public view and out of reach of children.

Cannabis use is currently limited to private spaces. However, the PEI government also plan to allow designated consumption spaces. That means licensed pot lounges and cafes should soon be available in the province.

Cannabis Laws in Northwest Territories

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in the Northwest Territories is 19.

Government-operated and soon privately-run retail stores will be available to NWT residents. Currently, access to marijuana physically is limited. However, NWT residents are also welcome to buy cannabis online.

Growing is also legal here. You can grow up to four active plants at a time at home.

The laws on where you can smoke are also slightly more relaxed in the Northwest Territories. In addition to private residences, you can also smoke in certain public places. This includes roads, trails, parks, and highways- provided they’re not occupied by events and children aren’t present.

Weed Laws Northwest Territories Canada

Cannabis Laws in Nunavut

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Nunavut is 19.

Nunavut cannabis stores will be licensed by the Nunavut Liquor Commission. However, with no stores open until 2019, users will have to rely on online purchases for now.

The Nunavut government originally planned to ban residents from growing their own cannabis. However, this ban was soon scrapped. You can now follow federal law, allowing you to cultivate four plants.

The use of cannabis is not permitted in public and should be kept to private residences. However, Nunavut plans to allow smoking at designated cannabis lounges and licensed events in the future.

Cannabis Laws in Yukon

Legal Age: 19

Growing: Legal

The legal age for the purchase, possession, and use of cannabis in Yukon is 19.

The Yukon Liquor Corporation will regulate cannabis stores. Both government and privately-run marijuana retail stores will open in the territory. You can also buy online.

Growing your own cannabis is also legal in Yukon. Residents can plant and cultivate up to four active cannabis plants. You must keep your plants out of public sight.

The consumption of marijuana is currently limited to privately owned properties. However, there is potential in the future for public spaces such as cannabis lounges.

Conclusion

The new Canada cannabis laws have made marijuana widely accessible across the country. Many Canadian residents can now buy various marijuana strains and products from local stores. Users across Canada can also order cannabis for delivery straight from the internet. Most Canadians will also be able to grow their own should they choose to do so.

Laws differ from province to province, although things like possession limits stay largely the same. Laws may change and adapt over time, so it’s worth keeping up to date on your local laws. However, things seem to be gradually moving towards more accessibility. In the future, provinces will open more stores, make more products accessible, and many will also allow public consumption spaces.